Economics

Economics Analysis

11th December 2018

XAI: Can Artificial Intelligence be Made Intelligible?

In his address to the IIEA Mr. Gunning discussed his and DARPA’s ongoing work to design ‘explainable artificial intelligence’ (XAI) systems, which can articulate the reasoning behind the decisions they make. The United States Department of Defence considers the design of XAI to be essential to the future successful management of artificially intelligent machines.
1min
7th December 2018

The Future Role of the European Court of Auditors in the EU27

President Klaus-Heiner Lehne argued that the European Court of Auditors must re-calibrate its position in the institutional system and embrace the required changes in order to future-proof itself.
1min
28th November 2018

Financial Stability – Where Do We Stand 10 Years On?

Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board, delivered an address to the IIEA on the role of resolution and insolvency in banking.
1min
23rd November 2018

Towards A European Strategy for Artificial Intelligence

In his address to the IIEA, Professor O’Sullivan will discuss the work of the European Commission’s High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (AI HLEG), which supports the creation of a forthcoming European Union strategy on Artificial Intelligence. Professor O’Sullivan, who is Vice Chair of the group, will discuss the opportunities and challenges ahead and the progress made so far.
1min
13th November 2018

A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism

Professor Jeffrey D. Sachs launched his new book, A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism.
1min
30th October 2018

Implications of the New US Corporate Tax Regime for Ireland

US President Donald Trump’s tax reforms constitute the most significant rewriting of the US tax code in decades. What will these changes mean for Ireland?
2min
8th October 2018

The Impact of Brexit on the European Asset Management Industry

Executive Director Ross discussed the threat of a ‘race to the bottom’ post-Brexit, and outlined the role ESMA is playing in averting this.
1min
28th September 2018

Ireland: Becoming the World’s First Blockchain Hub?

In his address, Mr Fitzgerald assessed the prospects for the development of blockchain in Ireland, as well as its application in the financial domain and global development. He focused on the current state of both the business and regulatory landscape, and how this is likely to affect the development of the technology here.
1min

Economics Publications

30th October 2018

Cut to The Chase: US Corporate Tax Reform – The Implications for Ireland

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was signed into law by US President Donald Trump on 22 December 2017. Given the substantial presence of US multinational companies in Ireland, the changes to the US tax code could have significant implications for the Irish economy. In this paper, Professor Frank Barry of Trinity College Dublin outlines the history of corporate tax policy in Ireland and the US and discusses how the systems interacted up to the time of the recent changes. The likely implications of the new US tax regime for inward FDI in Ireland are also considered.
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6th October 2017

UK Election Results and Economic Prospects

This briefing note, by IIEA Senior Fellow, Tony Brown, summarises recent developments in the UK and presents a snapshot of the British political and economic state of play since the election on 8 June 2017.
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30th June 2017

New Ideas – France, Germany and the Future of the Euro Area

This IIEA policy brief examines and compares the reforms proposed by French President Emmanuel Macron and by the European Commission to solidify and strengthen the European economy. It analyses the prospects for a renewed Franco-German alliance and concludes by focusing on the potential implications of a restructured euro area for Ireland.
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7th April 2017

Capital Constraints – Balancing the EU Fiscal Rules with Ireland’s Capital Investment Needs

This IIEA policy briefing, Capital Constraints: Balancing the EU Fiscal Rules with Ireland’s Capital Investment, examines the main arguments that have been made as to whether or not fiscal rules contain an anti-investment bias that deters governments from pursuing large public spending projects. It also outlines a number of the alternative proposals put forward to incentivise capital expenditure within a rules based fiscal framework. This is a topic of particular relevance and importance to Ireland, which saw public capital expenditure cut significantly following the global financial crisis and subsequent sovereign debt crisis in Europe, and which has a particular need for public investment because of its fast growing economy and emerging demographic pressures.
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17th February 2016

European Recovery Project

Economic growth in the developed world has been slowing for decades. The Great Recession and the Euro crisis have further depressed Europe’s performance. In this paper, Dan O’Brien explores trends in the continent’s economic performance and suggests possible remedies. Despite the considerable uncertainties that exist around all policy options, he proposes a “Grand Bargain” to include a range of measures favoured across the political spectrum. Such a radical and wide-ranging response could push the European economy onto a higher growth trajectory.
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Economics Past Events

5th July 2018

How Growth Really Happens

Michael Best argued in this address that to understand how successful growth happens we need an economic framework that focuses on production, governance, and skills.
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25th June 2018

Business continuity during political uncertainty

In his address to the IIEA, Paul Drechsler discussed the implications of Brexit for business at the local and national level. He also discussed the CBI’s work in Northern Ireland, and how to strengthen the UK-Ireland business relationship in the future.
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25th June 2018

EuroTragedy; A Drama in Nine Acts

In his speech Mr Mody made the point that the Euro has led Europe away from political unity.
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19th June 2018

Implementation of the National Development Plan 2018-2027

Robert Watt discussed how the Ten-Year Capital Plan will respond to Ireland’s key international and domestic challenges, and outlined governance arrangements to ensure its implementation.
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