IIEA12th December 20186min

“Europe would benefit from a political overhaul” were the words of French President Emmanuel Macron on 13 February 2018 at a press conference at the Élysée Palace. With the European Parliament elections due to take place over three days from 23-26 May 2019, it has become clear that President Macron is indeed actively driving such a European political overhaul himself by extending the En Marche! movement to the European Parliament.

IIEA7th December 20181min

On Tuesday, 11 December 2018, the UK Parliament will hold a ‘meaningful vote’ on whether to approve the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration on the future relationship, which together constitute the Brexit deal agreed upon by the British and EU negotiators. The House of Commons vote is widely recognised as representing a significant challenge for Prime Minister Theresa May. This is due to a number of factors, not least the divisive nature of the deal and the composition of the House, which sees a fractured Tory party supported by the Democratic Unionist Party, who have expressed deep hostility to the deal. This briefing outlines the ratification process, and analyses some of the potential outcomes of the ‘meaningful vote’, before identifying the next steps in the Brexit process.

IIEA6th December 20181min

In this policy brief, Brendan Keenan examines a general problem of understanding between Germany and its partners: that even when they agree that German prescriptions for their own countries have some merit, they disagree with Germany's prescriptions for itself. The brief seeks to enhance understanding of the rationale behind Germany’s economic policy and the challenges it is currently facing, in particular demographic developments