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Climate Change, the Global Carbon Budget and the Path to Paris Infographics

25 Sep 2014

Climate change moved to the forefront of the international agenda as leaders gathered for Ban Ki-moon’s Climate Summit in New York on 23 September 2014. This series of infographics explores the extent of the climate challenge we face. First we explain the idea of a global carbon budget and relate it to the CO2 emissions of the biggest global emitters from 1990. In our second infographic we bring the often underplayed contribution of agriculture and land use into the climate change picture. Finally, our third infographic identifies key dates and the issues that remain to be resolved in climate change negotiations on the path to a global agreement in Paris in 2015.

Major Economies and the Global Carbon Budget

 

Integrating Agriculture and Land use into the Climate Picture

 

The Path to Paris Infographic: Key Players and Dates

 


As an independent forum, the Institute does not express any opinions of its own. The views expressed in the article are the sole responsibility of the author.


Comments 1-4 of 4

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Gyna says: 05 Jan 2015 11:24

a word which can change our problem, "pray".

Nabin Kumar Roy says: 25 Dec 2014 2:01

It is actually nice to read the technological advances that are being made...we really need to keep attempting various solutions for climate proofing

Mike says: 08 Dec 2014 8:22

Hydro Nano Gas could be the Answer for Neutralizing Carbon Fuel Emissions Hydro Infra Technologies (HIT), a Swedish clean tech company based in Stockholm, has developed an innovative patent pending approach for neutralizing carbon fuel emissions by generating a novel gas called Hydro Nano Gas (HNG). In spite of all the advancement happening in the energy sector, global economies are still dependent on fossil fuels as the interlinked chain of costs to completely replace the burning of fossil fuels with more clean and sustainable options is beyond the financial resources of even the richest nations. This in turn effects the climate change scenario which has been continuously increasing as more pollution and green house gases are created from burning fossil fuels on a daily basis. This dilemma requires a new approach with safe, cost effective and smart solutions; the solution in sight? Making any fossil fuel climate neutral – and this is exactly what HIT’s Hydro Nano Gas proposes to do. Water contains 2 basic elements, Hydrogen and Oxygen. These 2 basic elements can be split, divided and utilized. Splitting water (H2O) is a known science. But the energy costs to perform splitting outweigh the energy created from hydrogen when the Hydrogen is split from the water molecule H2O. This is where mainstream science usually closes the book on the subject. HIT took a different approach by postulating that it was not only possible but indefinitely sustainable to split water in an energy efficient way to extract a high yield of Hydrogen at very low cost. The process of creating HNG involves pulsing an range of low energy frequencies in a very specific sequence into water. The pulsing treatment effectively manipulates the molecules to line up in a certain structure which are then put through a splitting process. The result is HNG. Being exotic as it is, HNG displays some very different properties from normal hydrogen. For instance: HNG instantly neutralizes carbon fuel pollution emissions; HNG can be pressurized up to 2 bars; HNG combusts at a rate of 9000 meters per second while normal Hydrogen combusts at a rate 600 meters per second; oxygen values actually increase when HNG is inserted into a diesel flame; and finally, HNG acts like a vortex on fossil fuel emissions causing the flame to be pulled into the centre thus concentrating the heat and combustion properties. Injecting HNG into a combustion chamber produces several effects that increase the burn efficiency of the fuels. HNG gasification effectively burns unburned residue/cluster while completing the burn process quicker. The long term impact of using HNG in the burning of fossil fuels can provide the balanced solution for the on going economic-climate change debate. The new technology is also found to be effective in the treatment of polluted water; when HNG Nano bubbles are injected into polluted water, a microbe chain reaction is initiated that rapidly triggers and boosts the waters’ own organic repairing process. While further testing and validation are required, the discovery creates new potential in providing solutions to critical areas of global pollution. HIT is also developing a Smoke Eliminator for all sorts of plants and facilities. The process reduces the need for smoke analysis as it results in a clean wet scrubber technology where CO2 becomes a clean by-product ready to be reused. Further, a miniaturized version of the standard HNG reactor will help HIT achieve its goal of gassing 9,000 cubic meters of smoke volume per second. Using Nano technology, the reactor will see the beginning of a new technology phase for each HNG application, reports HIT. The HIT innovation story begins in the 1980’s when a small team of dedicated technicians, researchers and engineers came together to innovate real world solutions based on the theoretical research conducted by Nobel prize winner Professor Yuan Tse Lee. The goal was clear - to ‘crack’ the Hydrogen code. In late 2012, after years of on / off research and experimentation, they finally cracked the code and HNG was born. HIT was formed to spread their discoveries to the world as Information Technology via joint venture partners. HIT has also selected SGS – the worlds leading testing/validation and certification company – to be its’ permanent testing-validation protocol partner, providing certification that enables HIT to expand into global markets. Read more about HIT: www.hydroinfra.com

Patsy says: 22 Oct 2014 13:47

I hope that we will play an important role in helping to make the world a better place to live in =)

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